Language Arts 800 Fundamentals

Language Arts 800 Fundamentals continues to build on the sequential development and integration of communication skills in four major areas—reading, writing, speaking, and listening. It most specifically focuses on deepening and furthering students' understanding in the following ways:

  • Reading reinforces reading comprehension skills by teaching students context clues and sequencing; how to analyze propaganda and other forms of writing, including biographies, autobiographies, formal essays and short stories; shows students how to make denotative, symbolic, and connotative readings of a text; introduces both Old English and Middle English languages and literature to develop students' understanding of English language formation and development; prepares students for the higher level literary comprehension skills required in the upper grades.
  • Writing develops students' understanding of sentence structure, providing hands-on experience with conjunctions, transitions, clauses, and common sentence errors; teaches language histories and etymologies to help students build on knowledge of word structures, including topics like prefixes, roots, and suffixes; expands on students' vocabulary and spelling skills; gives students the opportunity to develop their abilities in writing business letters, friendly letters, informal essays, and basic literature analyses.
  • Speaking offers students experience in delivering oral reports; teaches skills that enable students to become effective speakers and communicators, weaving these skills together throughout the course.
  • Listening teaches effective listening comprehension skills, weaving these together throughout the lessons; builds upon students' study skills, as well as helping them become reliable and efficient note-takers.

Curriculum Contents

Reading Comprehension Skills

  • Analysis of Propaganda
  • Denotation, Connotation, and Symbolism
  • Elements of Narrative Prose
  • Following Directions
  • Reading Formal Essays
  • Reading Skills—Fact vs. Opinion, Validity, and Authority


  • Essay/Report—Structure and Process
  • Paragraph Elements and Structure
  • Writing Formal and Informal Essays
  • Writing Paragraphs
  • Writing Summaries and Paraphrases
  • Writing a Short Story
  • Writing Business Letters

Grammar and Usage

  • Conjunctions—Subordinating, Correlative, and Coordinating
  • Clauses—Adjective, Adverb, and Dependent/Independent
  • Capitalization
  • Grammar Errors—Sentence Construction Errors
  • Introductory Expressions—Interjections, Participle Phrases, and Adverb Clauses
  • Parts of Speech—Nouns, Verbs, Pronouns, Adverbs, Adjectives, and Interjections
  • Punctuation—Apostrophes, Hyphens, Italics, Commas, and End Punctuation
  • Sentence Structure—Tense, Number, Person, and Transitions

Literature Studies

  • Nonfiction—Biography and Autobiography
  • Survey of English Literature—Old and Middle English
  • Poetry—Elements and Interpretation
  • Novel—Definition and Types
  • Drama—History, Elements, and Types
  • Short Story—Structure, Elements, and Techniques

Speaking and Listening

  • Direct/Indirect Communication
  • Following Instructions
  • Listening Skills—Strategies, Comprehension, and Note-Taking
  • Nonverbal Communication
  • Oral Report
  • Speaking Skills—Purpose, Organization, and Delivery

Special Topics

  • Diacritical Marks
  • English Variations
  • Etymology
  • Media Comprehension
  • Note-taking
  • Origin/Development of Language—Indo-European, Old and Middle English, and American English
  • Use of Reference Materials

State: National, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah
Grade Level: 8
Category: English Language Arts
Course Length: Year