Language Arts 500

  • Reading develops students’ basic reading skills, including the identification of main ideas, supporting details, sequence, and facts and opinions; introduces more advanced reading skills, showing students how to make inferences and derive implied meanings; shows students how to identify parts of speech in sentences, with emphasis on nouns, adverbs, and verb tenses; develops students’ capacities for identifying basic elements of narrative prose; introduces students to types of nonfiction, including biographies, autobiographies, and short essays; helps students develop basic literary comprehension skills through the reading of excerpts from Beowulf, and Gulliver’s Travels and of various short stories, nonfiction pieces, and poetry.
  • Writing develops students’ understanding of sentence structure, providing hands-on experience with subject-verb agreement and parts of speech; emphasizes parts of speech and their roles, including adjectives, nouns, and verbs; familiarizes students with roots, affixes, and basic word relationships, including homonyms, synonyms, and antonyms; develops students’ vocabulary and spelling skills; gives students the opportunity to develop their abilities in writing paragraphs, dialogue, poetry, and short stories; guides students through planning, organizing, writing, and revising a report.

Curriculum Contents

Reading Comprehension Skills

  • Comparing and Contrasting
  • Determining Author’s Purpose—Reading for Entertainment and Reading for Information
  • Identifying Facts and Opinions
  • Identifying Main Ideas and Supporting Details
  • Finding Implied Meanings
  • Making Inferences
  • Reading Poetry
  • Determining Reading Rates
  • Reading Short Stories
  • Reading for Sequence


  • Writing Reports—Summary
  • Writing Dialogue
  • Writing a Fable
  • Writing with Facts and Opinions
  • Writing Poetry—Pen Pictures, Couplets, and Free Verse
  • Writing a Report—Outlining, Writing, and Revising
  • Writing Short Stories—Coming Up with Seed Ideas, Developing Story Parts, Developing Characters, Writing, and Revising

Grammar and Usage

  • Adjectives
  • Adjectives—Changing Adverbs from Adjectives, Adverb Comparison, and Negative Adverbs
  • Dialogue—Using and Punctuating Dialogue
  • Kinds of Sentences—Statement, Question, Command, and Surprise/Excitement
  • Levels of Language Use—Formal and Informal
  • Nouns—Singular and Plural Nouns, Possessives, Subjects, Objects, and Common and Proper Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Pronunciation
  • Punctuation—Exclamation Points, Periods, Question Marks, and Quotation Marks
  • Sentence Structure—Subject/Predicate, Participles, and Phrases
  • Verbs—Verb Forms

Literature Studies

  • Fiction
    • Definition—Short Story and Novel
    • Elements—Structure, Character, Dialogue, Plot, Setting, and Symbolism
    • Genre/Type—Fable and Legend
    • Literary Device—Metaphors and Similes
  • Nonfiction

    Speaking and Listening


    Special Topics

    • Definition
    • Genre/Type—Autobiography, Biography, Essay, History, and Articles
      • Poetry
        • Definition
        • Elements—Structure, Rhyme, Meter, and Symbolism
        • Genre/Type—Ballad, Free Verse, and Limerick
        • Literary Device—Metaphors, Similes, and Sound Effects
      • Using Appropriate Words
      • Compound Words
      • Contractions
      • Confusing Spellings
      • Dividing Words
      • Homonyms and Antonyms
      • Ordinal Numbers
      • Roots and Affixes
      • Sight Words
      • Strategies—Digraphs and Diphthongs
      • Words with Silent Letters
      • Words with Silent and Irregular Letters
      • Graphic Aids—Maps, Charts, Diagrams, Captions, and Illustrations
      • Dictionary Skills
      • Handwriting Skills
      • Origin/Development of Language—Middle and Modern English
      • Study Skills—Note-Taking and Summarizing
      • Word Play—Palindromes, Puns, Conundrums, and Idioms

Language Arts 500 continues to build on the sequential development and integration of communication skills in four major areas—reading, writing, speaking, and listening. It most specifically focuses on deepening and furthering students' understanding in the following ways:

State: National, California, Florida, Georgia, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah
Grade Level: 5
Category: English Language Arts
Course Length: Year