Principles of Technology and Engineering

The Principles of Technology and Engineering course will introduce students to the field of engineering and the types of technology that can result from the engineering design process. Student will also gain an understanding of the career options available in this field, and the skills, education, and experience needed to obtain these careers.

Students will learn how to be successful problem solvers. They will become familiar with the steps in the invention process and will investigate the ways in which engineers take an idea from an initial concept to a working technology. They will learn about real-world examples of engineering innovations, including global civil engineering projects, cutting-edge medical technology, and environmentally friendly designs.

Students will also learn about the relationship between engineering, science, and technology. They will learn how scientific knowledge is applied to create technology that benefits society. Additionally, students will learn how design modifications can be made based on an analysis of the underlying principles from physics, chemistry, biology, and the earth sciences.


  • Understand the field of engineering and the technology that can result from the engineering design process.
  • Distinguish the steps of the engineering design process and apply this process to solve a problem or meet a challenge.
  • Use problem-solving and critical thinking skills to construct a prototype that presents a workable solution to a problem.
  • Classify energy resources as renewable or nonrenewable and analyze energy usage and efficiency.
  • Recognize the social, health, environmental, and economic costs and benefits of renewable energy sources in comparison with nonrenewable energies.
  • Critique the technology that results from the engineering design process and suggest modifications based on scientific principles.
  • Define terms and phrases associated with engineering products and systems and use them to communicate their analysis orally and in written form.
  • Identify career options in the field of engineering, and explain the benefits and educational requirements for each option.

For the topics and assignments in this course, it would be helpful for the student to have a basic understanding of the scope of scientific investigations, including the types of questions that science does and does not address.

It will also be useful for the student to be familiar with conducting online research and be able to evaluate the credibility of online sources. If a student is not comfortable assessing the credibility of online sources, information on this topic can be found on a variety of educational websites, including library.columbia.eduand

State: National, California, Florida, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Washington
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM)
Course Length: Semester