Plant Systems

Plant Systems is a semester-length high school elective that introduces students to the basics of plant biology, soil science, agriculture, and horticulture, along with the environmental management practices involved in each, including integrated pest management, biotechnology, growth techniques, and crop management. Students will learn the basic parts of a plant, how plants are scientifically classified, and how they interact with water, air, nutrients, and light to undergo the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. Plant reproduction, including pollination, germination, and dispersal of seeds, is also presented.


  • Explain the elements of both plant science and plant systems.
  • Discuss current research in plant systems and in the growing of plants.
  • Compare the different kinds of crops crucial to North American agriculture in terms of both purpose and biology.
  • Implement an agricultural plan using the conservation methods of multiple cropping and integrated pest management.
  • Understand the various ways plants grow from their roots and stems.
  • Understand the difference between genetic engineering and cross-breeding.
  • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of GMOs.
  • Describe some current threats to agriculture that are not addressed by current precision technology.
  • Describe the importance of high-yield farming in the 21st century.
  • Compare the similarities and differences between sustainable agriculture, sustainable crop intensification, and conservation agriculture.
  • Perform self-guided career planning using online resources.

State: National, California, Florida, Georgia, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Washington
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources
Course Length: Semester