Introduction to Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

This semester-length high school elective introduces students to the basic scientific principles of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Students will be recognizing and researching plant systems, animal systems, government policy, "green" technologies, agribusiness principles, and sustainability systems.


  • Apply understanding of ecosystems and systems thinking to the management of natural resources to maximize the health and productivity of the environment, agriculture, and communities.
  • Analyze community practice or policy development related to sustainability in agriculture, food, and natural resources.
  • Communicate the impact of "green" and sustainability principles on agriculture, food, and natural resource systems.
  • Recognize the social, health, environmental, and economic costs and benefits of renewable energy production (e.g., solar, wind, and biofuels) in comparison to non-renewable energies (e.g., coal, oil, and natural gas).
  • Analyze energy usage, renewable energy options, and renewable materials options to promote sustainable practices across AFNR.
  • Use "green" technologies and sustainability practices to maintain safe and healthful working environments that sustain the natural environment and promote well-being in the AFNR workplaces.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of "green" and sustainability trends that are influencing processes and markets in AFNR.
  • Apply adaptive ecosystem management to a common pool resource (e.g., an irrigation system or fishing grounds) problem in a manner that addresses ecological (data, models, concepts, understanding, and scientific responsibilities), socioeconomic (values, interests, information, assets, private sector responsibilities), and institutional (law, policies, authority, assets, public sector responsibilities) contexts.

Students should be familiar with the concepts taught in general science classes. These courses include basic biology, basic simple chemistry, and fundamentals of earth science. A basic appreciation for the importance of these science topics and courses to agriculture and some knowledge of the various agricultural industries from farming and ranching to food production and protection is recommended.

State: National, California, Florida, Georgia, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Washington
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources
Course Length: Semester