Health Education (2435) CA B

This health course provides students with the knowledge and skills needed to make informed, responsible decisions that will assist them in living healthy lifestyles. The objectives and concepts covered in this course develop students’ health literacy by helping them understand and acquire positive personal health habits appropriate to the changing needs of adolescents. Following the California Health Frameworks and guided by the California Healthy Youth Act, this course focuses on four ideas of health literacy:

  • Acceptance of personal responsibility
  • Respect for and promotion of the health of others
  • An understanding of the process of growth and development
  • Informed use of health-related information, products and services

Thus, this course will promote healthy habits, decision-making and self-management skills in regards to students’ physical health, sexual health, social and emotional health, safety and injury prevention, and personal and community health.

CURRICULUM CONTENT AND SKILLS FOCUS: 

UNIT 1: STAYING SAFE

  • Identify ways to stay safe during natural disasters and emergency situations (e.g., landslides, floods, earthquakes, wildfires, electrical storms, winter storms, and terrorist attacks).
  • Analyze emergency preparedness plans for the home, the school, and the community.
  • Examine ways that injuries are caused while traveling to and from school and in the community.
  • Evaluate the risks and responsibilities associated with teen driving and auto accidents.
  • Encourage actions to promote safe driving experiences.
  • Describe procedures for emergency care and lifesaving, including CPR, first aid, and control of bleeding.
  • Demonstrate first aid and CPR procedures.

UNIT 2: HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT

  • Identify ways to stay safe during natural disasters and emergency situations (e.g., landslides, floods, earthquakes, wildfires, electrical storms, winter storms, and terrorist attacks).
  • Analyze community resources for disaster preparedness.
  • Identify global environmental issues.
  • Identify ways to reduce pollution and harmful health effects (e.g., by using alternative methods of transportation).
  • Evaluate current research about the health consequences of poor environmental conditions.
  • Apply a decision-making process to a community or environmental health issue.
  • Explain how public health policies and government regulations influence health promotion and disease prevention.
  • Analyze how environmental conditions affect personal and community health.
  • Discuss ways to stay informed about environmental issues.
  • Identify government and community agencies that promote health and protect the environment.
  • Analyze environmental barriers to adopting positive personal health practices and strategies for overcoming the barriers.
  • Describe the dangers of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, lead, asbestos, pesticides, and unclean air and water; and discuss strategies for avoiding exposure.
  • Analyze the social influences that encourage or discourage sun-safety practices.
  • Demonstrate the proper steps for protecting oneself against the harmful effects of the sun.
  • Describe the impact of air and water pollution on health.

UNIT 3: PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE

  • Support personal or consumer health issues that promote community wellness.
  • Encourage societal and environmental conditions that benefit health.
  • Evaluate the benefits of informed health choices.
  • Explain how public health policies and government regulations influence health promotion and disease prevention.
  • Evaluate the benefits to mother, father, and child when teenagers wait until adulthood to become parents.
  • Describe rules and laws intended to prevent injuries.
  • Explain laws related to sexual behavior and the involvement of minors.
  • Access valid information about personal health products and services available in the community.
  • Develop a plan of preventive health management.
  • Evaluate the importance of regular medical and dental checkups, vaccinations, and examinations.
  • Identify symptoms that should prompt individuals to seek health care.
  • Identify types of pathogens that cause disease.
  • Investigate the causes and symptoms of communicable and noncommunicable diseases.
  • Access valid information about common diseases.
  • Discuss the value of actively managing personal health behaviors (e.g., getting adequate sleep, practicing ergonomics, and performing self-examinations).
  • Identify the importance of medical screenings (including breast, cervical, testicular, and prostate examinations, and other testing) necessary to maintain reproductive health.
  • Examine ways to prevent and manage asthma.
  • Evaluate influences on the selection of personal health care products and services.
  • Use effective communication skills to ask for assistance from parents, guardians, and medical or dental health care professionals to enhance health.
  • Explain how decisions regarding health behaviors have consequences for oneself and others.
  • Analyze the possible consequences of risky hygienic and health behaviors and fads (e.g., tattooing, body piercing, sun exposure, and sound volume).
  • Describe the steps involved in breast or testicular self-exams.
  • Develop a plan to prevent injuries during emergencies and natural disasters.
  • Evaluate the safety and effectiveness (including success and failure rates) of FDA-approved condoms and other contraceptives in preventing HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy.
  • Identify why abstinence is the most effective method for the prevention of HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy.
  • Analyze the consequences for the mother and child of using alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs during pregnancy—in cluding fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and other birth defects.
  • Describe the short- and long-term effects of HIV, AIDS, and other STDs.
  • Compare the success and failure rates of FDA-approved condoms and other contraceptives in preventing HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy.
  • Evaluate the risks and consequences associated with sexual activities, including HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy.
  • Use a decision-making process to evaluate the social, emotional, physical, and economic effects of teen pregnancy on the child, the teen parent, the family, and society.
  • Analyze STD rates among teens.
  • Identify local resources concerning reproductive and sexual health, including all FDA-approved contraceptives, HIV/STD testing, and medical care.
  • Analyze the validity of health information, products, and services related to reproductive and sexual health.
  • Advocate the respect for and the dignity of persons living with HIV or AIDS.

UNIT 4: RESPONSIBLE LIVING

  • Describe healthy ways to express caring, friendship, affection, and love.
  • Analyze how interpersonal communication affects relationships.
  • Demonstrate effective communication skills within healthy dating relationships.
  • Recognize potentially harmful or abusive relationships, including dangerous dating situations.
  • Explain the effects of violence on individuals, families, and communities
  • Assess characteristics of harmful or abusive relationships.
  • Evaluate the importance of regular medical and dental checkups, vaccinations, and examinations.
  • Identify symptoms that should prompt individuals to seek health care.
  • Determine personal, family, school, and community factors that can help reduce the risk of engaging in sexual activity.
  • Use a decision-making process to examine barriers to making healthy decisions about relationships and sexual health.
  • Evaluate how growth and development, relationships, and sexual behaviors are affected by internal and external influences.
  • Assess the discrepancies between actual and perceived social norms related to sexual activity among teenagers.
  • Use a decision-making process to evaluate the physical, emotional, and social benefits of abstinence, monogamy, and the avoidance of multiple sexual partners.
  • Use a decision-making process to analyze when it is necessary to seek help with or leave an unhealthy situation.
  • Use effective communication skills for preventing and reporting sexual assault and molestation.
  • Discuss the characteristics of gang members.
  • Analyze why it is risky to belong to a gang.
  • Analyze sources of information and services concerning safety and violence prevention.
  • Analyze the consequences of gang involvement for self, family, and the community.
  • Analyze the consequences of violence for self, family, and the community.
  • Apply strategies to avoid and report dangerous situations, including conflicts involving weapons and gangs.
  • Explain how witnesses and bystanders can help prevent violence by reporting dangerous situations.
  • Use a decision-making process to evaluate the use of FDA-approved condoms and other contraceptives for pregnancy and STD prevention.
  • Identify short- and long-term goals related to abstinence and maintaining reproductive and sexual health, including the use of FDA-approved condoms and other contraceptives for pregnancy and STD prevention.
  • Describe personal actions that can protect sexual and reproductive health (including one’s ability to deliver a healthy baby in adulthood).

UNIT 5: ALCOHOL AND DRUG USAGE

  • Explain the impact of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use on brain chemistry, brain function, and behavior.
  • Describe the use and abuse of prescription and nonprescription medicines and illegal substances.
  • Analyze how using alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs influences health and other behaviors.
  • Predict how a drug-free lifestyle will support the achievement of short- and long-term goals.
  • Participate in activities in the school and community that help other individuals make positive choices regarding the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
  • Present a persuasive solution to the problem of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among youths.
  • Analyze the consequences for the mother and child of using alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs during pregnancy—including fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and other birth defects.
  • Describe the health benefits of abstaining from or discontinuing use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
  • Explain the connection between alcohol and tobacco use and the risk of oral cancer.
  • Identify the social and legal implications of using and abusing alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
  • Analyze the consequences of binge drinking and its relationship to cancer; to liver, pancreatic, and cardiovascular diseases; and to a variety of gastrointestinal problems, neurological disorders, and reproductive system disorders.
  • Use effective refusal and negotiation skills to avoid riding in a car or engaging in other risky behaviors with someone who has been using alcohol or other drugs.
  • Explain how one’s behavior when traveling as a passenger in a vehicle influences the behavior of others.
  • Interpret school policies and community laws related to alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use, possession, and sale.
  • Clarify myths regarding the scope of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among adolescents.
  • Evaluate strategies for managing the impact of internal and external influences on alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use.
  • Describe financial, political, social, and legal influences on the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
  • Access information, products, and services related to the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
  • Analyze how using alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs influences health and other behaviors

State: California
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: Health
Course Length: Year