Fire and Emergency Services
Emergency and fire-management services are essential infrastructure components of a community. They provide a resource for dealing with numerous types of emergencies, including fires, motor vehicle, and industrial accidents, and medical emergencies. In addition, these services provide fire prevention and community-outreach programs. This course provides students with the basic structure of these organizations as well as the rules and guidelines that govern pre-employment education requirements. The vehicles, equipment, and emergency-mitigations strategies that are commonly used in the emergency- and fire-management field are also explored. Students will understand the goals of an emergency-management service and how they are implemented and managed, including personnel, budget, and labor-management challenges in the organization. Finally, the course also provides students with an overview of large-scale emergency incidents that overwhelm local agencies. Various preparedness plans are discussed. In the end, students will have been exposed to the typical characteristics and framework ofmodern emergency- and fire-management organizations and will have a better understanding of a career in this field.
- Modern Emergency and Fire Management Services: This unit discusses the organizational structure of modern emergency medical and fire service systems. It also explains educational requirements for many states for firefighters, EMT, and paramedic positions, and describes common state and local laws that govern emergency-management educational requirements. Additionally, personal characteristics and requirements beyond education were explored.
- Tools of the Trade: This unit explores the various types of apparatuses used by fire departments in the United States and explains how emergency workers can predict which equipment will be most appropriate in a disaster scenario. The unit also shows how to identify target hazards in a community and how to determine the appropriate special-operations apparatus for a given scenario. Finally, the unit explains how to predict what regulations are required for protection in specialized locations.
- Emergency and Fire Management Skills in Action: This unit describes the main goals of an emergency and fire management department at the scene of an emergency by explaining the steps in a command sequence and the required results of the steps. This unit also explains how an incident manager chooses which apparatuses are deployed to accomplish various missions. Finally, this unit explores the historical changes that have occurred in fire departments in the United States, specifically focusing on the changes in apparatuses over the years.
- Organizing and Managing an Emergency and Fire Management System: This unit focuses on how communities are shifting their expectations with respect to fire-personnel roles. It also examines the workforce-diversity changes that have affected emergency-management departments, and challenges and benefits associated with these changes. Finally, it shows how a local government may impact the operations of an emergency agency through funding, and how workers sometimes respond by demanding collective bargaining.
- Advanced Situations for Emergency and Fire Management Operations: In this unit, students discover different types of disasters, their trends, and their consequences on communities, as well as the risks factors and steps that can minimize these risks. The unit also explains the various levels and components of a disaster-management plan with examples of what a mutual-aid agreement would provide an emergency-management agency to show how this would assist incident mitigation. This unit also builds upon previously learned concepts of demographic changes by investigating the potentials for mass-casualty incidents, especially related to the mass transit of people and cargo.