Fire and Emergency Services

Emergency and fire-management services are essential infrastructure components of a community. They provide a resource for dealing with numerous types of emergencies, including fires, motor vehicle, and industrial accidents, and medical emergencies. In addition, these services provide fire prevention and community-outreach programs.

This course provides students with the basic structure of these organizations as well as the rules and guidelines that govern pre-employment education requirements. The vehicles, equipment, and emergency-mitigations strategies that are commonly used in the emergency- and fire-management field are also explored. Students will understand the goals of an emergency-management service and how they are implemented and managed, including personnel, budget, and labor-management challenges in the organization.

Finally, the course also provides students with an overview of large-scale emergency incidents that overwhelm local agencies. Various preparedness plans are discussed. In the end, students will have been exposed to the typical characteristics and framework of modern emergency- and fire-management organizations and will have a better understanding of a career in this field.


  • Summarize the hierarchy of an emergency and fire-management system.
  • List the educational and work-experience requirements for entry-level positions in the EMS or fire systems.
  • Predict the pathway of authority between the various levels within an emergency and fire-service organization when orders are given.
  • Identify common geographical areas where fire apparatus are located.
  • Predict which apparatus is most appropriate to send for five different emergency situations.
  • Explain how target hazards need to be identified and considered in emergency-response plans.
  • Identify the unique functions of special-operations firefighting and emergency-medical operations.
  • Given a specific hazardous industry, predict what regulations and apparatus would be required for emergency protection for those locations.
  • Determine the required steps in the command sequence.
  • Given an emergency scenario, create the basic outline of an appropriate action plan.
  • Analyze a scenario to determine the most appropriate strategic concept for the situation.
  • Identify common apparatus and crew specialization.
  • List the technical abilities a crew member on an apparatus must possess in order to fulfill the mission.
  • Discuss the pieces of information shared in an initial incident report.
  • Describe how an incident manager chooses which apparatus to deploy to accomplish various missions.
  • List four areas of diversification that typical emergency-management agencies perform.
  • Identify the types of emergency services a local fire department has available.
  • Predict how a population shift away from a big city into an outlying town, or vice versa, would alter the demands placed on an emergency organization.
  • Discuss challenges and benefits associated with workforce diversity changes.
  • Analyze the methods the departments use to maintain and boost morale among the ranks.
  • Defend why an emergency-management agency would institute the customer service model into its operations.
  • Explain what the phrase “do more with less” means, and describe three changes an agency would make to enact this idea.
  • Describe two ways that a local government would impact the operations of an emergency agency.
  • Explore the concept of bargaining by organized labor in the operation of an emergency agency.
  • Describe different types of disasters, as well as their trends and consequences on communities.
  • Outline the disaster cycle of preparedness, response, reconstruction, and mitigation.
  • Predict the methods responders would utilize to address the complications encountered during a disaster.
  • Describe methods used to train and practice emergency management.
  • Explain what the National Incident Management System (NIMS) is and how it is used in emergency incidents.
  • Identify federal agencies that regulate modes of transportation in the United States.

Fire and Emergency Services Course Requirements

Computer and Internet access
Access to local or community fire departments
Video camera is preferred, but not required

State: National, California, Florida, Georgia, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Washington
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: Law, Public Safety, Corrections, & Security
Course Length: Semester