English III Fundamentals

English III continues to build on the sequential development and integration of communication skills in four major areas: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. It most specifically focuses on deepening and furthering students' understanding in the following ways:

  • Reading reinforces reading comprehension skills by teaching students comprehension techniques for literary fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama; discusses common literary devices; shows students how to analyze, evaluate, and interpret a text; reinforces awareness of the elements and structure of narrative and expository prose; guides students through readings of Thornton WilderÕs Our Town and HemingwayÕs The Old Man and the Sea as well as selections of and excerpts from well-known poetry and nonfiction pieces.
  • Writing develops studentsÕ writing skills by teaching about clauses and phrases in sentence structures; reviews common sentence construction errors and methods for avoiding them; provides practice in standard and nonstandard English, as well as specialized language use; teaches Greek and Latin roots and prefixes to enhance vocabulary and spelling skills; expands studentsÕ abilities to write cohesive and coherent expository prose; gives students the opportunity to develop their abilities in writing literary critiques, personal essays, poetry, and research papers.
  • Special Topics incorporates research skills, including Internet, library, and reference material use, throughout the curriculum.

Curriculum Contents

Reading Comprehension Skills

  • Context, Denotation, Connotation, and Symbolism
  • Reading Drama
  • Reading Poetry: Recognizing Scansion
  • Reading Skills: Analysis, Evaluation, and Interpretation
  • Strategies for Comprehension: Making Inferences and Identifying Main Ideas

Composition

  • Sentence Construction Errors
  • Using English Variations
  • Writing a Brief Biography
  • Writing Expository Prose: Process
  • Writing from Personal Experience
  • Writing a Literary Critique
  • Writing a Poem
  • Writing about Poetry: Analysis, Evaluation, and Interpretation
  • Writing a Research Paper: Process

Grammar and Usage

  • Clauses: Main/Subordinate Clauses, Elliptical Clauses, and Adjective/Adverb Clauses
  • Levels of Language Use: Standard/Nonstandard, Slang, Colloquialisms, Medical, Legal, Professional, and Literary
  • Phrases: Appositive, Gerund, Participle, and Infinitive Phrases
  • Pronouns: Indefinite, Personal, and Case, Including Nominative, Objective, and Possessive Pronouns
  • Verbs: Present and Past Participles

Literature Studies

  • Drama
    • Elements: Structure, Theme, Setting, Style, Character, and Literary Device
    • Mode: Naturalism, Realism, Romanticism, and Symbolism
    • History of Drama: Greek/Roman Plays, Medieval Drama, Elizabethan Drama, and American Drama
    • Genre/Type: Medieval Drama, Elizabethan, and Modern (Subtypes)
  • Fiction
    • Elements: Structure, Theme, Mood, Irony, Purpose, and Literary Device
    • Mode: Naturalism, Realism, and Romanticism
    • Genre/Type: Novels (Subtypes)
    • History of Novels: American Novel
  • Nonfiction
    • Elements: Structure and Literary Device
    • History of Nonfiction: Classical to Modern
    • Genre/Type: Exposition, Journal, Biography, Autobiography, Essays, Speeches, Criticism, Satire, Editorials, and Letters
  • Poetry
    • Elements: Structure, Meter, Rhyme, and Symbolism
    • Literary Device: Sound Effects, Metrical Effects, and Figures of Speech
    • Genre/Type

Special Topics

  • English Variations: Regional Dialects
  • Research Skills: Internet, Library, and Reference Materials

Literature List

Following are literary works students will encounter in English III.

  • Drama
    • Wilder, Thornton.
      • Our Town
  • Fiction
    • Hemingway, Ernest.
      • The Old Man and the Sea
  • Nonfiction
    • Addison, Joseph.
      • The Spectator (excerpt)
    • Byrd, William.
      • "A Progress to the Mines" (excerpt)
    • de Crevecoeur, Jean.
      • Letters from an American Farmer (excerpt)
    • Emerson, Ralph.
      • "Commodity" (excerpt)
    • Franklin, Benjamin.
      • "The Ephemera"
    • Henry, Patrick.
      • ÓGive Me Liberty or Give Me Death"
    • Irving, Washington.
      • 'A History of New York" (excerpt)
    • Jacobs, Harriet A.
      • Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Seven Years Concealed, Written by Herself (excerpt)
    • Jefferson, Thomas.
      • "The Declaration of Independence" (excerpt)
      • Letter to Thomas Paine
    • Poe, Edgar.
      • "Poetic Principle" (excerpt)
    • Smith, John.
      • A True Relation (excerpt)
    • Steele, Richard.
      • The Spectator (excerpt)
  • Poetry
    • Browning, Elizabeth Barrett.
      • "Sonnet 43"
    • Dickinson, Emily.
      • "The Snake"
      • "Success is counted sweetest"
    • Frost, Robert.
      • "Birches"
    • Lowell, James Russell.
      • "Ode Recited at the Harvard Commemoration"
    • Poe, Edgar
      • "Annabel Lee"
    • Shakespeare, William.
      • "A Lover and a Lass"
      • "Sonnet 130"
    • Whitman, Walt.
      • "Young Grimes"
    • Wilde, Oscar.
      • "To My Wife—With a Copy of My Poems"

State: National, California, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: English Language Arts
Course Length: Year