English II Fundamentals

Students will continue to build on the sequential development and integration of communication skills in four major areas: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Students will strengthen an increasingly advanced understanding of the structure of language and grammar, and use this knowledge to write literary analyses, professional career documents, poetry, a short story, and an original speech. In addition, students will read and comprehend a variety of literature, including short stories, drama, and expository text. As a result of the reading, writing, speaking, and listening students will do in this course, they will grow their vocabulary and their understanding of how to communicate effectively by making skillful choices when expressing themselves with language.

  • Unit 1: Reading, Writing, and Speaking: Students strengthen their understanding of the basic parts and structure of language, including vocabulary, sentence and paragraph structure, and etymology; in addition, students review strategies for active listening.
  • Unit 2: Language Structure: Students will understand the purpose and use of increasingly advanced parts of speech, including noun plurals, suffixes, pronouns/antecedents, and clauses.
  • Unit 3: Writing Effective Strategies: Students will understand and utilize the key parts of a sentence, including participles, gerunds, and a variety of phrases.
  • Unit 4: Exposition: Students will refine their reading skills, including distinguishing the main idea of a text, understanding relationships between ideas, and interpreting varieties of English (including dialect and colloquial speech); students will then utilize this knowledge in the composition of focused, well-written essays and speeches.
  • Unit 5: Get a Job: Students will reinforce an understanding of increasingly advanced grammar and punctuation, and will master the writing of professional documents, such as resumes and cover letters.
  • Unit 7: Media and You: Students will refine their interpretation of various forms of media, learning to analyze the purpose, audience, occasion, subject, and potential bias of a variety of media.
  • Unit 8: Short Stories: Students will read and analyze short stories, completing literary analyses and composing their own, original short stories using the literary techniques and elements taught in the unit. 
  • Unit 9: Reviewing Literature: Students will continue to advance their literary analysis skills, delving into elements such as character, symbolism, and mood with a critical eye and utilizing writing skills to compose a full literary analysis essay of Silas Marner.
  • Unit 10: Poetry: Students will read and analyze poetry, including poetic elements such as form, rhyme, meter, diction, and symbolism; students will write a poem analysis as well as compose an original poem to demonstrate their understanding.
  • Unit 11: Pygmalion: Students will read George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion, interpreting and analyzing characters, events, and themes, culminating in an advanced literary analysis essay examining theme in the literature.

State: National
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: English Language Arts
Course Length: Year