Engineering and Design

Engineering and Design is part of the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education and career path. By building real-world problem-solving and critical thinking skills, students learn how to innovate and design new products and improve existing products. Students are introduced to the engineering design process to build new products and to the reverse engineering process, which enables engineers to adjust any existing product.

Students will also address how fluid power is used by engineers to make difficult maneuvers easier, increasing efficiency and minimizing effects on the environment. Students then identify how engineering and design have a direct impact on the sustainability of our environment and the greening of our economy. Finally, students incorporate the engineering design process, environmental life cycle, and green engineering principles to create a decision matrix to learn how to solve environmental issues.


  • Understand the basic STEM requirements of engineers and the skills required for the occupation.
  • Define and understand how forces are transmitted with fluid systems to build efficiency and increase sustainability. With this knowledge, students can solve a problem with a new design solution using fluid power.
  • Utilize sketching skills and techniques to produce detailed sketches of components in the design of a real-world object to scale. This allows students to determine the feasibility of a product or design.
  • Use the engineering design process and reverse engineering techniques and apply them to a design. They will be able to create and use decision matrices to make design decisions based on logic and analysis. Students will be able to identify and research environmental issues and challenges with respect to energy and air quality.
  • Identify and analyze the environmental life cycle of a product or process to solve sustainability challenges for social and industrial environmental issues.

It is helpful if students are familiar with renewable and nonrenewable resources. Many of the principles discussed in this course can be better addressed through the use of broken machines, toys, and electronics. Collection of these materials prior to the course will greatly help the student in the course.

State: National, California, Florida, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Washington
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM)
Course Length: Semester