Corrections: Policies and Procedures

Corrections is one of the three branches of the Criminal Justice System (CJS) in the United States. All three branches employ personnel who are authorized to uphold and enforce the law, and are required to operate under the rule of law. Each branch works as part of the entire system to maintain the public safety and well-being, and bring criminals to justice.

Corrections facilities and programs are run by a complex systems of policies and procedures, which uphold local, state, and federal laws. This course gives students an introductory, yet thorough view of many aspects of corrections operations. Students receive historical and legal background information as they study how prisons and prisoners have evolved into correctional facilities and programs for offenders.

In this course the duties responsibilities, conduct, training, and special certification possibilities for corrections staff are explored. Many aspects of procedures in corrections are reviewed, giving students an in-depth look at what a variety of careers in this growing field encompass and require.


  • Analyze training and use of force reports.
  • Ascertain the value of effective communication in correctional settings.
  • Decipher concepts of the essentials of effective communication.
  • Deconstruct the principles of written communication and reports.
  • Differentiate effective communication skills for managing offenders with mental illness.
  • Evaluate the importance of following agency procedures for emergency response incidents.
  • Evaluate safety and security concepts for physical plants.
  • Evaluate the historical practices of offender management, control and incarceration.
  • Interpret aspects of legal uses of force and different levels of force, including deadly force.
  • Interpret concepts of computer forensic investigations.
  • Interpret prevention and cause of security breaches.
  • Interpret the critical constitutional rights of offenders in correctional setting (First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments).
  • Interpret the major responsibilities of corrections.
  • Investigate the powers of agencies responsible for investigation and enforcing applicable federal, state, and local laws and regulations.

Corrections, and Correctional Policies and Procedures Course Requirements

This is an introductory course in corrections. As such, there are no prerequisites for the student. An interest in the subject is expected, and online access to the research materials they will need to locate and review. The projects require mainly online research and presentation creation in PowerPoint, so Microsoft Office software or equivalent is required.

There is some physical fieldwork in some projects, but virtual alternatives are proposed for those without access to the public facilities suggested.

Personal skills in observation and recall, self-analysis, and experience assessment for communications skills are part of certain projects, and require some interaction with others, which any student should easily be able to complete.

Students will be studying a wide range of corrections subjects. The course provides students interested in a career in corrections many opportunities for in-depth research into educational and career pathways that they use for their own advancement in the field.

State: National, California, Florida, Georgia, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Washington
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: Law, Public Safety, Corrections, & Security
Course Length: Semester