Biology (420000) AR

Biology is intended to expose students to the designs and patterns of living organisms and their interactions with the environment. In preceding years, students should have developed a foundational understanding of life sciences. Expanding on that, this Biology course will incorporate more abstract knowledge. The student’s understanding should encompass both the micro and macro aspects of life, and this biology course includes both. The major concepts covered are taxonomy, the chemical basis of life, cellular structure and function, genetics, microbiology, plant structure and function, animal structure and function, and ecology and the environment.

Students at this level should show development in their understanding of scientific inquiry. The units contain experiments and projects that seek to develop a deeper conceptual meaning for students and that actively engage them. The continued exposure of science concepts and scientific inquiry will serve to improve the students’ skills and understanding.

Biology should be preceded or accompanied by an Algebra I course.

  • Biology: The Study of Life: Students will define the steps of, and apply, the scientific method, identify the characteristics of life, and how living organisms are classified.
  • Biochemistry: Students will investigate the chemicals and reactions of life processes.
  • Cells: Students will identify the structure and functions of plant and animal cells.
  • Cell Energy: Students will identify how energy flows in cells and ecosystems, including photosynthesis and cellular respiration, and compare patterns between plant and animal cells.
  • Cell Division and Reproduction: Students will compare and relate the processes involved in cell division and reproduction.
  • Genetics and Heredity: Students will explore the basics of genetics, heredity, and the patterns and evidence of evolution.
  • Microbiology and Biodiversity: Students will be able to describe the characteristics of the different kingdoms, Protista, fungi, plantae, and Animalia
  • Plants: Students will recognize that plants create their own energy via photosynthesis, how plants grow and reproduce, and their uses.
  • Animals and Humans: Students will interpret the body systems of animals and humans, and their functions.
  • Ecology and the Environment: Students will explore the interactions between living organisms and the environment.
  • Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate Change: Students will investigate how carbon and other matter cycles through Earth's processes. The student will also explore climate change and its effects.

State: National
Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12
Category: Science
Course Length: Year