American History I

43042X0 NC

American History I covers early discovery, exploration, and colonization of the New World to the twilight of the 19th century, placing special emphasis on the politics of the 18th and early 19th centuries and the Civil War. These areas of focus target three major content strands: History, Geography, and Government and Citizenship. The main standards for this course include:

  • Using the following interconnected dimensions of historical thinking to the American History Essential Standards in order to understand the creation and development of the United States over time:

    1. Chronological Thinking

    2. Historical Comprehension

    3. Historical Analysis and Interpretation

    4. Historical Research Capabilities

    5. Historical Issues-Analysis and Decision-Making

  • Understanding how tensions between freedom, equality and power have shaped the political, economic and social development of the United States.

  • Understanding the impact of war on American politics, economics, society and culture.

  • Analyzing the relationship between progress, crisis and the "American Dream" within the United States.

Throughout the course, student will learn about the following enduring understandings:

  • History is the story of the interaction between people, the environment, and ideas that form cultures, societies, and civilizations.

  • History is the story of human choices that link the past to the present and influence the future.

  • Individuals, cultures, societies, and the world change through times of conflict and cooperation.

  • Historical patterns are identified across times, places, ideas, institutions, cultures, people, and events.

  • From the past to the present, events and trends on the local, national, and global sphere are interrelated.

  • People have different views of history depending on their perspective.

Upon completion of the course, students should be able to do the following:

  • Identify characteristics of medieval society.

  • Analyze how conflict between Christianity and Islam led to the Crusades.

  • Evaluate how the Crusades led to change in Europe, including interest in travel, demands for new goods, and growth of cities.

  • Identify key figures and dates involved in discovery, exploration, and colonization of the New World.

  • Identify reasons for immigration to the New World.

  • Explain how the different colonies grew separately – with distinct origins and types of lifestyles, leading to differences that would erupt into a full-fledged war within a century of becoming a nation.

  • Understand how conflict between the American colonies and Great Britain led to American independence.

  • Describe the historical significance of the founding documents of the United States.

  • Explain how political, economic, and social changes in the U.S. led to conflict among sections of the United States in the 19th century.

  • Describe the beginnings of the institution of slavery in this country and its unique role in the South's economy.

  • Describe the causes and effects of the Civil War and its aftermath.

  • Analyze Reconstruction efforts and their long-lasting effects.

  • Understand political, economic, and social changes that occurred in the United States during the 19th century, including changes resulting from the Industrial Revolution.

  • Explain immigration and foreign policies toward the end of the 19th century.

  • Additionally, students will gain practice in writing essays and reports, covering topics like the Monroe Doctrine, the states' rights debate, the Lincoln-Douglas debates, and isolationism.

State: North Carolina
Grade Level: 10
Category: History & Social Sciences
Course Length: Year